The EB-3 visa is the third preference employment-based (EB) green card that gives the holder the right to live and work in the United States. It is granted to “Skilled, Professional, or Other Workers.” EB-3 visa requirements are somewhat less stringent than EB-1 and EB-2 categories of green cards. As with other employment-based visa types, the employer will have to undergo the PERM labor certification process under the EB-3 Visa requirements. An EB-3 visa is for applicants seeking to enter the U.S. to take up a job that requires –
- a baccalaureate degree or equivalent,
- 2 years training or experience (in most cases),
- or, in some cases, less than 2 years of experience to become proficient (defined as” unskilled”).
The EB-3 visa requirements are lower when compared to other Green Cards, like EB-2. So, the chances of qualifying for an EB-3 visa are higher. However, there is often a waiting list for approval. Most EB-3 visa applications cannot be adjusted to permanent resident status by filing an I-485 application, unless the petitioner’s priority date is current. The Priority date is the date the Labor Certification is filed. Once the Labor Certification is approved, The employer must:
- file a Form I-140 with USCIS;
- establish that they can afford the position in question upon granting of the Green Card;
- Have proof that the beneficiary meets all the necessary requirements.
You can obtain EB-3 visa qualification through three routes:
Skilled Worker: At least two years of relevant work experience or training are required for this position. A Labor Certification Process is also necessary to show that there is a non-availability of competent US Citizen or Permanent Resident workers already available in the United States to fill the employment.
Professionals: The job role in question requires a baccalaureate degree (or foreign equivalent).
Unskilled / “Other” Workers: This option covers jobs that can be performed with less than two years of training. (temporary or seasonal jobs are excluded), Individuals who have an approved form I-140 may also downgrade from an EB-2 to an EB-3 category.